Joint Crisis Committee:
Second Sino-Japanese War

The Republic of China and the Empire of Japan fought each other militarily in the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945). The conflict was part of the Second World War's larger Pacific Theater, which included the Chinese theater. Conventionally, the Marco Polo Bridge Incident on July 7, 1937, when a quarrel between Japanese and Chinese forces in Peking turned into a full-scale invasion, is considered the start of the conflict. A lot of people believe that the full-scale conflict between China and the Empire of Japan marked the start of World War II in Asia.

With assistance from the Soviet Union, Britain, and the United States, China battled Japan. The war joined with other wars that are often grouped under those of World War II as a key sector known as the China Burma India Theater after the Japanese attacks on Malaya and Pearl Harbor in 1941. Some academics believe that although occurring simultaneously, the European War and the Pacific War were completely distinct conflicts. Some academics believe that the Second Sino-Japanese War officially began in 1937, marking the commencement of World War II. The greatest conflict in Asia during the 20th century was the Second Sino-Japanese War. Between 10 and 25 million people died as a result, making it the primary cause of civilian and military losses throughout the Pacific War. Over 4 million Japanese and Chinese military troops as well as Chinese citizens have gone missing or have died as a result of war-related violence, starvation, or other causes. The conflict is referred to as "the Asian Holocaust."

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